Nowadays, we are used to seeing medical personnel working in locations of severe accidents or even battlefields during wars. Specialists receive all the needed info and arrive at the place as fast as possible. But for how long do we know about such a practice?
The term “medevac” is a short version of two words: medical evacuation. This practice is known since the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century when it became possible to actively use vehicles (including aircraft like helicopters) to provide injured people with evacuation.
Teams that organize evacuation procedures must receive data on the patient(s), location, and other essential circumstances: whether the specific equipment is required or not, if there are any traces of chemical contamination on the territory, and other info. To transfer all data, specialists onsite use their radios and a brief template, Medevac Request Form GTA 08-01-004, where all circumstances can be described.
After a specialist fills out the template, they should pass all info to an evacuation team line by line in conformity with specific rules. The information should be given briefly and quickly, so many details must be turned into certain letter codes that are placed on the template’s second page.
Typically, the first half of data is passed to evacuation services when a specialist makes their request, and the second half is given while the appropriate transport (an aircraft or a van) is moving to the accident location. The whole communication might last just 30 seconds if the connection is stable and both sides can hear and understand each other well.
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The medical personnel that often participates in medevac operations knows the template like the back of their hand. However, the form may seem odd to those who are not professionals in the medical field or who just start working as the medical staff.
Some of our readers may want to know how the form looks like and what to include there. That is why we provide some instructions in this review.
Before you read those instructions, we suggest you download the template using our well-made form-building software. Among many legal forms widely used in the United States, we also offer the Medevac Request Form GTA 08-01-004.
The form has two pages. The first page is a set of lines that must be filled out by a specialist and the second page is a legend explaining what each line means. In total, there are 11 lines, and nine of them should contain some info.
Define the Location
In the first line, a specialist defines the location or pickup site where the accident has occurred. They must encrypt grid coordinates here in accordance with special instructions (a part of those instructions can be seen on the second page).
Insert Radio Frequency and Supplemental Details
The second line requires a specialist to enter the radio frequency, call sign, and suffix (if any) that are currently used at the accident location by a person who can be contacted about the accident onsite.
Add the Number of Patients by Priority
You have to determine how many patients are on the location and add a letter code defined in the legend. This code will show the priority of evacuation. You have five such codes — from “Urgent” to “Convenience.”
Determine If Any Special Equipment Is Needed
You will have letter codes for that again. Figure out if a patient (or patients) requires any specific devices for life support. Check the codes on the form’s second page and report the applicable letter.
Define the Patients by Type
You have two options here: “litter” or “ambulatory.” Check the legend again to see how to report correctly. The first category means that a patient needs a stretcher, and the second category — that they can either sit or move on their own.
Fill Out Line 6
This line is divided into two: for wartime and for peacetime. In the first case, you should define whether there are any enemies surrounding the location and if any special security is needed or not. In the second case, you must describe the injuries that a patient has. If you have info about a patient’s blood type, include it here as well.
Explain How the Location Is Marked
The evacuation team should know how to find the place and land or arrive there accurately. There are various ways to mark the site (like smoke signals); however, you may have none of those. Look at the legend, choose the appropriate letter code, and enter it in Line 7.
Define the Patient’s Status
You have to inform about the patient’s status and nationality. You have five codes to do it. You should not state the exact nationality: the US or non-US is sufficient. By status, the template means that you must say if the patient works for military services or not. The fifth option is EPW (enemy prisoner of war).
Complete Line 9
Like Line 6, this line is split into two. The first line is used for wartime, and the second is for peacetime. If it is wartime, you define if the patient is contaminated with nuclear, chemical, or biological substances. In peacetime, you should describe the landscape that surrounds the accident site (rivers, mountains, or other objects).
After you find out all details and fill out all the lines, you should quickly report the information to the evacuation team, so they know where to go and what to bring. The quicker you explain the circumstances, the higher are chances that all patients will be safe and sound in the end.