Form 8833 Details

Form 8833 is an important tax form that every taxpayer should become familiar with. This form is used to claim a tax credit for income earned in foreign countries. The Foreign Earned Income Tax Credit can be a significant benefit for taxpayers who have worked overseas, and it's important to understand how to properly claim this credit on your return. If you have questions about Form 8833 or the Foreign Earned Income Tax Credit, please consult with a tax professional.

Before you decide to fill out form 8833, you should know more in regards to the type of form you're going to work with.

Form NameForm 8833
Form Length3 pages
Fillable fields0
Avg. time to fill out45 sec
Other names1042-S, OMB, EIN, 1040NR-EZ

Form Preview Example

EXAMPLE: Form 8833--For use by resident aliens (for tax purposes) who may still be eligible to claim treaty benefits. Form 8833 must be included with you resident tax return 1040EZ, 1040A or 1040.

Form 8833 (Rev. August 2006)

Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service

Treaty-Based Return Position Disclosure

Under Section 6114 or 7701(b)

Attach to your tax return.

OMB No. 1545-1354

Attach a separate Form 8833 for each treaty-based return position taken. Failure to disclose a treaty-based return position may result in a penalty of $1,000 ($10,000 in the case of a C corporation) (see section 6712).


Your name as it appears on your W-2

U.S. taxpayer identifying number


Address in country of residence

Your foreign home country address

Address in the United States

Local address in the U.S.

Check one or both of the following boxes as applicable:

The taxpayer is disclosing a treaty-based return position as required by section 6114

The taxpayer is a dual-resident taxpayer and is disclosing a treaty-based return position as required by Regulations section 301.7701(b)-7

Check this box if the taxpayer is a U.S. citizen or resident or"Resident"is incorporefersat d intotheResidentUnited AlienStatesfor tax purposes

1Enter the specific treaty position relied on:

aTreaty country Name of treaty country

b Article(s)

Treaty article

2List the Internal Revenue Code provision(s) overruled or modified by the treaty-based return position

IRC 61:871(b)

3Name, identifying number (if available to the taxpayer), and address in the United States of the payor of the income (if fixed or determinable annual or periodical). See instructions.

Payor information is on Form W-2, box c and employer's EIN is in box b. Form 1042-S, get name and address of employer from box 10 and EIN from box 9.

4List the provision(s) of the limitation on benefits article (if any) in the treaty that the taxpayer relies on to prevent application of that article Exception to the Savings Clause

5Explain the treaty-based return position taken. Include a brief summary of the facts on which it is based. Also, list the nature and amount (or a reasonable estimate) of gross receipts, each separate gross payment, each separate gross income item, or other item (as applicable) for which the treaty benefit is claimed

I am a full-time (choose one: F-1, J-1 student/scholar, or H-1 professor/researcher who first entered the U.S. on (insert date), to begin (studies or work) in the U.S.. My treaty benefits run from (insert dates).

(a)I have met the substantial presence test and am considered a resident alien for tax purposes OR

(b)I am married to a U.S. citizen or resident alien and have elected to file as a resident alien for tax purposes.

I am claiming exemption of ($ amount of treaty exemption) (wages or scholarship) under the U.S./(list treaty country) Treaty Article (list treaty article). This treaty has an "exception to the savings clause", which allows treaty benefits

even if the tax payer is eligible to file as a resident alien for tax purposes and the treaty eligibility period has not


NOTE: Tax treaty lists with treaty article numbers are available from the tax web site at

All resident returns (1040EZ, 1040A or 1040) accompanied by a Form 8833 must be mailed to: Internal Revenue Service Center Austin, TX 73301-0215

For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see page 3.

Cat. No. 14895L

Form 8833 (Rev. 8-2006)

Form 8833 (Rev. 8-2006)

Page 2



Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted.

General Instructions

What’s New

Regulations section 301.6114-1 was recently amended to waive reporting under section 6114 in certain circumstances where payment is properly reported on Form 1042-S, Foreign Person’s U.S. Source Income Subject to Withholding. However, this waiver does not apply to the extent reporting is specifically required in these instructions. For more information, see Exceptions from reporting below.

Purpose of Form

Form 8833 must be used by taxpayers to make the treaty-based return position disclosure required by section 6114. The form must also be used by dual-resident taxpayers (defined on this page) to make the treaty-based return position disclosure required by Regulations section 301.7701(b)-7. A separate form is required for each treaty-based return position taken by the taxpayer.

Who Must File

Generally, a taxpayer who takes a treaty-based return position must disclose that position. See Exceptions from reporting below.

A taxpayer takes a treaty-based return position by maintaining that a treaty of the United States overrules or modifies a provision of the Internal Revenue Code and thereby causes (or potentially causes) a reduction of tax on the taxpayer’s tax return. For these purposes, a treaty includes, but is not limited to, an income tax treaty; estate and gift tax treaty; or friendship, commerce, and navigation treaty. See Regulations sections 301.6114-1(a) and

(b)for more details and for examples of treaty-based return positions taken by taxpayers for which they must make disclosure.

Exceptions from reporting. See Regulations section 301.6114-1(c) for examples of treaty-based return positions taken by taxpayers for which they are not required to make disclosure.

Tax years ending after December 31, 2004. In general, for tax years ending after December 31, 2004, disclosure of a treaty-based return position is not required for amounts that are:

1.Reported on Form 1042-S, and


a. By a related party from a reporting corporation within the meaning of section 6038A (relating to information returns on Form 5472 filed by U.S. corporations that are 25-percent owned by a foreign person),

b. By a beneficial owner that is a direct account holder of a U.S. financial institution or qualified intermediary, or a direct partner, beneficiary or owner of a withholding foreign partnership or trust, from that U.S. financial institution, qualified intermediary, or withholding foreign partnership or trust, or

c. By a taxpayer that is not an individual or a State, if the amounts are not received through an account with an intermediary or with respect to an interest in a partnership or a simple or grantor trust, and if the amounts do not total more than $500,000 for the tax year.

Tax years beginning after December 31, 2005. Regulations sections

301.6114-1(c)(6)(ii), (7)(iv), and (8)(ii) provide that the exceptions described earlier do not apply to any amounts for which a treaty-based return disclosure is specifically required under these instructions.

The following are amounts for which a treaty-based return disclosure on Form 8833 is specifically required for tax years beginning after December 31, 2005.

Amounts described in paragraph 2a or 2c earlier that are received by a corporation that is a resident under the domestic law of both the United States and a foreign treaty jurisdiction.

Amounts described in paragraph 2a or 2c earlier that are received by a corporation that is a resident of both the jurisdiction whose treaty is invoked and another foreign jurisdiction that has an income tax treaty with that treaty jurisdiction. See Revenue Ruling

2004-76, 2004-31 I.R.B. 111, available at

Amounts described in paragraph 2a or 2c earlier that are received by a foreign collective investment vehicle that is a contractual arrangement and not a person under foreign law. See Example 7 of Regulations section 1.894-1(d)(5).

Amounts described in paragraph 2a or 2c earlier that are received by a foreign “interest holder” in a “domestic reverse hybrid entity,” as those terms are used in Regulations section 1.894-1(d)(2).

Dual-resident taxpayer. An alien individual is a dual-resident taxpayer if that individual is considered to be a resident of both the United States and another country under each country’s tax laws. If the income tax treaty between the United States and the other country contains a provision for resolution of conflicting claims of residence by the United States and its treaty partner, and the individual determines that he or she is a resident of the foreign country for treaty purposes, the individual may claim treaty benefits as a resident of that country.

If you are a dual-resident taxpayer and you choose to claim treaty benefits, you are treated as a nonresident alien in figuring your U.S. income tax liability for the part of the tax year you are considered a dual-resident taxpayer. If this is the case, attach Form 8833 to Form 1040NR, U.S. Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return, or Form 1040NR-EZ, U.S. Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents. Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ must be timely filed (including extensions). For purposes other than figuring your U.S. income tax liability, you are treated as a U.S. resident (see Regulations section 301.7701(b)-7(a)(3)).

When and Where To File

Attach Form 8833 to your tax return (i.e., Form 1040NR, Form 1040NR-EZ, Form 1120-F, etc.). If you would not otherwise be required to file a tax return, you must file one at the IRS Service Center where you would normally file a return to make the treaty-based return position disclosure under section 6114 (see Regulations section 301.6114-1(a)(1)(ii)) or under Regulations section 301.7701(b)-7.

Specific Instructions

U.S. Taxpayer Identifying Number

The identifying number of an individual is his or her social security number or individual taxpayer identification number. The identifying number of all others is their employer identification number.

For more information about identifying numbers, see the instructions for the tax return with which this form is filed.

Address in Country of Residence

Enter the information in the following order: city, province or state, and country. Follow the country’s practice for entering the postal code. Please do not abbreviate the country name.

Line 3

Income that is fixed or determinable annual or periodical includes interest (other than original issue discount), dividends, rents, premiums, annuities, salaries, wages, and other compensation. For more information (including other items of income that are fixed or determinable annual or periodical), nonresident aliens and dual-resident taxpayers filing as nonresident aliens should see section 871(a) and Regulations section

1.871-7(b) and (c). Foreign corporations should see section 881(a) and Regulations section 1.881-2(b) and (c).

Form 8833 (Rev. 8-2006)

Page 3



Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the information on this form to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are required to give us the information. We need it to ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the right amount of tax.

You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must

be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by section 6103.

The time needed to complete and file this form will vary depending on individual circumstances. The estimated burden for individual taxpayers filing this form is approved under OMB control number 1545-0074 and is included in the estimates shown in the instructions for their individual income tax return. The estimated burden for all other taxpayers who file this form is shown below.



3 hr., 7


Learning about the




law or the form


hr., 35


Preparing and sending




the form to the IRS


hr., 43


If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time estimates or suggestions for making this form simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. See the instructions for the tax return with which this form is filed.

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