Under US federal statutes, residents of the country, as well as the Green Card holders and some non-residents who meet the substantial presence test demands, should prepare and file tax statements to avoid penalties and fees. Still, there is a category of individuals who can be qualified for a tax home release. It means that this category (alien individuals) is accessed to the privilege of not presenting taxes regarding their global gainings. If the person is eligible to have this benefit, they are empowered to file Form 8840, referred to as Closer Connection Exception Statement for Aliens.
Refer your tax home to the area where you are employed, serve, or hold your business. If you do not have a regular place of work because of the origin and specifications of your occupation, you should reference the tax home to the location where you constantly live.
If neither of the conditions applies to your situation, define your tax home wherever your occupation is based. To claim the closer country exemption, your tax home should be located in a foreign country and correlate with your presence there.
The matter is conducted by § 301.7701(b) – 2, Title 26 of the Code of Federal Regulations, which both provide qualification demands and supports Form 8840 privilege access. Ensure, none of the below-listed aspects is satisfied to claim the 8840 benefits:
To claim the tax home exemption privilege, an alien person must complete and file the respected paperwork 8840. To serve the form, you may use fax or mail and deliver it to the address indicated in tax return documents before the due date.
If the declarant fails to serve the paper before the deadline, they will be banned from being exempt for the reporting period at issue. However, if the alien individual proved that they had taken all possible required actions to file paperwork 8840 in time, they may not be deprived of the benefit.
Form 8840 consists of two pages and the IRS general directives regarding its purposes and inputting. Download a relevant updated PDF file. You are welcome to utilize our template-building software to generate the needed document and proceed to complete it immediately.
Follow our general guide to understand the essentials of the filling-out process.
Identify the Declarant
Before you proceed to submit the general info required by the form, you need to identify yourself by entering the first and last names (including the middle initial). Also, if you have a taxpayer ID number assigned by the U. S. IRS, specify the data in the right top corner. You don’t need to re-enter this info on the second page.
Enter Your Address (If Applicable)
The declarant should enter their address only if they complete and file Form 8840 by itself, not as part of the tax return paper set. Use the left box to specify your foreign residency. In the right box, you are encouraged to enter your U. S. living address. For both aspects, please, include the unit (or apartment) number, street, city, region or state, country, and postal data.
Complete the General Info Section
Part I is dedicated to collect basic data about the declarant’s visa, citizenship, passport issues, US presence, and resident status applications. You also need to submit your passport number and specify the periods during which you resided in the US. Fill out all corresponding lines by entering the required data.
Revise Unit 6
Whether the declarant answers Unit 6 positively, they are not allowed to file Form 8840 and get the closer connection privileges. Check out IRS Publication 519 to learn more about applying for the nonresident rank.
Specify the Closer Connection Info
By offering to fill out Part II and III, the Service wishes to understand if the declarant has been subject to a foreign tax home during the reporting period at issue. If you have a closer connection to only one foreign country, ensure to complete Part II, clarifying the name of the country and tax home details.
If your closer connection relates to more than one foreign country, you are empowered to complete Part III, providing the valid data:
Choose only one “Closer Connection” variant and fill out either Part II or Part III. However, if you have been subject to tax home in the US during any periods indicated in Part II or III, you cannot be qualified for the closer connection privilege.
Whether you answer positively to Units 12 and 13, you are obliged to provide proof in attachments. If you check the negative statement, you need to explain your “No” answer on the blank line below Unit 13.
Clarify the Important Contacts with Foreign Territories
In Part IV of Form 8840, the declarants should provide any essential info regarding significant contacts, people, family members, locations they resided or worked at, voting specifications, business aspects, and other info. Relying on this background, the IRS will decide whether the declarant is eligible for a substantial presence test.
Follow the document’s questionnaire and submit the required data. Here are some tips to help you with indicating the correct information:
If any statement demands proof or explanation, you should either use attachments or clarify your answer on the blank lines below the statement.
Acknowledge Form 8840
Once again, check the data you submit in the form and the verification attachments. If everything is authentic and correct, append your signature and date the paper.
You shouldn’t authorize Form 8840 unless you file it separately, which means the paper is not part of your tax return bundle.