ATF Form 4473 (Firearm Transfer or Purchase)

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ATF Form 4473 (Firearm Transfer or Purchase)

ATF Form 4473 is a legally required document in the United States for the sale or transfer of firearms from a Federal Firearms License (FFL) dealer to an unlicensed individual. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) mandates that this form be completed in detail before transferring any firearm. The form includes sections for personal identification, firearm details, and questions intended to determine the purchaser’s eligibility under federal law to own a firearm.

The primary purpose of ATF Form 4473 is to prevent the illegal sale and distribution of firearms by ensuring that each transaction is recorded and that the buyer is legally permitted to own a firearm. It includes a background check component, where the dealer uses the information provided to run the buyer through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). This check aims to identify any criminal history or other legal disqualifications that would prohibit the firearm sale.

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Filling Out the 4473 Template

Most likely, you will not meet any difficulties while creating this document. Both parties must participate in the form creation. The content is simple and describes the deal, its parties, and the transferred gun.

For your convenience and understanding, we have included a thorough guide below, explaining the process of the ATF Form 4473 completion from a start to an end. Even though you cannot use any other form except the one sent to you by the public authorities, you can use our form-building software to download the template and see how it looks like (so you are prepared to fill it out in the future).

If you need more information and clarification of some points, the form itself contains detailed instructions for each step provided by the Bureau, including the document’s purposes.

Read the Notices

The template offers a set of notices each signatory must read before the completion. As written there, you must get your template printed and fill it out in writing (not printing data using your laptop). There are exceptions to that rule: you can check the ATF’s publications and norms.

These notices also warn parties about the future check of their information. If the one who buys a gun cannot do so by law, penalties may follow (they are described in this section).

On the right-hand side, the parties may enter their transaction serial number (if there is any).

step 1 read the notices filling out atf form 4473

Complete the Second Block (If You Are a Merchant)

The second ATF Form 4473 block (Section A) should be filled out by a merchant. Initially, they must describe the gun they are passing. Enter its manufacturer (and importer, if there are any). Then, add the model and production year along with the unique serial number that every single gun has, type, and a caliber (or gauge).

Sometimes one transaction presumes the transfer of several guns; in this chart, you can add three items at a time. Regardless of the number, in the next line, you must indicate how many items are being transferred. Use letters and words to describe the quantity, not the actual numbers.

Some of the transferred firearms can be subject to pawn redemption. If this is your case, check the relevant box with a cross or tick and write the item’s number in the blank line below. If the deal facilitates the private party transfer, also mark the box below.

step 2 complete the second block (if you are a merchant) filling out atf form 4473

Fill Out the Third Block of the Form (If You Are a Buyer)

The one who gets the firearm(s) must complete the form’s next part (Section B). It is broader than the previous one because, besides the party’s personal details, there is a set of questions to answer, proving that the buyer is able to carry a gun with them, particularly.

Start with inserting your full name (see the instructions about initials and middle names in the field), the state where you currently reside, address (including city, county or parish, and state). Your address cannot be a post office box; it should be a real place.

step 3.1 fill out the third block (if you are a buyer) filling out atf form 4473

Indicate your place of birth: it can be either a city and state in the United States or a foreign country (in this case, no city is needed). Then, write your height in feet and inches and weight in lbs. Check the relevant box for the sex (the form suggests three options: female, male, or non-binary). Then, insert your birthdate (a month, then a day, and a year).

In the following field, you can add your SSN (or social security number). It is optional for this document; however, inserting it will help identify you correctly if it is needed someday. If you have UPIN or AMD ID (these acronyms stand for the Unique Personal Identification Number or the Appeals Management Database Identification, respectively), add it to the next line.

step 3.2 fill out the third block (if you are a buyer) filling out atf form 4473

Choose your ethnicity: you should indicate whether you are Hispanic or Latino or not. Then, mark your race among the proposed options (Asian, Native Hawaiian, Black or African American, White, and so on). Check the box that describes your citizenship (whether you are a citizen of the US or not). If not, specify the country (or countries). Aliens can write their personal ID numbers in the line below.

step 3.3 fill out the third block (if you are a buyer) filling out atf form 4473

The set of questions we have promised above is coming. They are all “yes or no” questions. You should reply honestly to all of them; anyway, your responses will be checked. The questions are about mental health issues, drug-using, criminal actions, illegal living in the US, and so on. All of them are asked so the public authorities can recognize potentially dangerous gun owners.

step 3.4 fill out the third block (if you are a buyer) filling out atf form 4473

step 3.5 fill out the third block (if you are a buyer) filling out atf form 4473

The buyer then must sign the document, verifying that all data they have provided is true and all responses are honest. Add your name, signature, and the date when the transfer occurs.

step 3.6 fill out the third block (if you are a buyer) filling out atf form 4473

Fill Out the Next Block (the Transferor Again)

At the time of the transfer, or before it, the transferor (or the one who sells the gun) must complete the next form’s part (Section C).

Mark the gun’s category among the written options. If you give the firearm on a show or professional event, define where the deal occurs in the field nearby. Insert the buyer’s ID card data (it must be a photo ID: either your driving license, or actual ID card, or military ID, and so on): an authority that has issued the card, the card’s number, and when the card will expire (if applicable).

If the ID card lacks the address or full name, you can add supplemental documents in the lines below. If the buyer is an alien, it requires additional documents. Include them in the designated line.

step 4.1 fill out the next block (the transferor again) filling out atf form 4473

The transferee could have applied for the governmental check before; if so, write their NICS (National Instant Criminal Background Check System) number and associated info required by the form. If no NICS check is needed and the transferee has a legal permit or has gone through another check, you should also include information about this in the template.

step 4.2 fill out the next block (the transferor again) filling out atf form 4473

step 4.3 fill out the next block (the transferor again) filling out atf form 4473

Sign under the Section D (the Transferee)

The following part requires the transferee’s signature if they have completed Section B sometime before the actual transfer. They must add the current date here as well.

step 5 sign under the section d (the transferee) filling out atf form 4473

Complete the Last Section (the Merchant) for the Form 4473

Leave the first field here for the licensee. On the right-hand side, write the merchant’s address, corporate name, and the Federal Firearm License Number.

Then, the transferor should write their name, sign, and date the form. The one who signs must be the one who has checked the transferee’s ID and ensured that the card really belongs to the new owner of the gun.

step 6 complete the last section (the merchant) filling out atf form 4473

As you can see, the document is rather easy to create, and you are all set with our instructions. However, if you have any questions, reach the ATF for clarification.

When the form is ready, you can submit it to the Bureau or wait until you have a set of completed templates and then send them all together.