Unfortunately, many married couples in the United States and California particularly eventually get divorced. Some legal forms follow such cases because an ex-husband and ex-wife need to define their post-marriage relationship. One of these documents is the California marital settlement agreement.
According to state statistics, almost three million Californian residents are divorced. Most likely, when they filed for a divorce, they had common properties, and plenty of couples have had at least one child together. The agreement helps to establish a set of rules regarding the future actions of both parties, splitting of property, child care, and so on.
While some couples split up with scandals and hysterics, others approach the issue reasonably, without drama. There are mediators for the first type of couples—specialists that help create contracts between spouses if their communication is hampered.
When parties sign the agreement, they should act in conformity with its conditions. Otherwise, various penalties included in the document may follow.
Overall, each marital settlement agreement should contain the following sections and items:
Other attachments contain a comprehensive description of the spouse’s support, parties’ estate, and debts.
The agreement is not effective until both parties append their signatures on it. Another compulsory thing is to notarize the record. Remember that without the agreement, you will not be able to finish the divorce procedure successfully.
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In the US, all states have their provisions and norms regarding marriages and divorces. To determine which legislature is applicable in California when people officially split up and cancel their marriage, proceed to the next part.
If a couple decides to divorce, it should act in line with the California Family Code ( FAM). Starting from Division 6 of the Code, you can find all details about splitting up, legal child care, and other provisions.
According to Section 2310 (Division 6) of the Code, there are two main reasons to get divorced: either impossibility to solve implacable divergence or the incapacity of a spouse (constant and leads to an inability to make decisions). Sections 2311, 2312, and 2313 give more details on those reasons.
Division 7 of the Family Code describes the process. The court has to split the properties into equal shares for both parties if the couple does not agree on a different way of splitting, as stated in Section 2550.
Division 8 of the Family Code regulates custody in California and protects children’s interests. It incorporates provisions about visiting the child, joint custody, birth parents’ and stepparents’ rights, and other relevant matters.
Generally, the court has to allow birth parents to visit their kids for the kids’ best (Section 3100). Both parents have equal rights to care about their child (or children) after the divorce, as written in Section 3010.
This topic is covered in Division 9 (Part 2) of the Code. Besides laws describing the minors’ support, it offers regulations about the grandchildren and children who are already adults (over 18 years old by law). Section 3900 makes both parents responsible for the support.
Legal separation allows couples to live separately without divorce. The key feature of such status is that husbands and wives remain married. However, they do not share a home. It makes some operations and children custody more convenient, and the perks spouses have will still apply.
Another reason is religions that do not endorse divorces or uncertainties because of the potential divorce.
Some states do not suggest this status for couples, but in California, it is lawful. The provisions regulating the topic are incorporated in Division 6, Part 3, Chapter 2 of the Family Code.
The grounds for such separation are the same as for divorce (Section 2310). The procedure is similar to a divorce; however, couples should form and sign a Separation Agreement form.
If you and your partner have thought through all pros and cons of a divorce and decided to terminate your marriage, check our comprehensive guidelines on actions you need to accomplish in California.
To begin the process, you have to apply to the Superior Court in California (the one in your county) and cover a significant fee of 435 US dollars. The results will arrive no earlier than half a year after applying and completing all the steps listed below.
1. Create a Petition
One of the spouses should fill out a petition (or form FL-100). This record describes the relationship between partners, reasons for splitting up, basic information about the marriage or partnership, children, assets, and other details.
2. Fill out Children-related Forms
If partners have kids who are still considered minors, there are additional papers to complete and sign. Forms FL-105 and FL-311 will propose parents’ views on custody, support, visitations, and other actions tied to the children’s upbringing.
3. Submit Your Application to Court
The next step would be to submit the forms to court and officially start the divorce process. A court clerk, a lawyer dealing with family matters, or a self-help center specialist will advise on additional legal papers that you possibly have to submit.
Then, a clerk will accept your application. You will be given stamped copies as evidence of your submission.
Remember that you should pay a fee. In case you cannot afford it, the court may release you from this obligation. To request this, file the form FW-001.
4. Deliver the Documents to Your Partner
Your partner has to receive the forms you have submitted. They can be delivered by the local sheriff, a process server, or anyone else who is an adult by law.
There should be a reaction from your partner. They will get two templates to complete: FL-120 and FL-105. By signing these papers, your partner shares their views on assets splitting and child care. They also indicate whether they want a court to make decisions or not.
The one who delivers the forms should get proof of your partner’s acknowledgment—a signed form FL-117. This record should also be given to the court, among other documents.
5. Share the Details about Your Finances
Once you have submitted the forms, you and your partner have two months to share information about your funds and properties. This is done by filling out the legal forms FL-150, FL-160, FL-140, and FL-142. These records tell about the current earnings and costs, liabilities, and estate of both partners.
The forms are not valid without proof: tax returns of each partner submitted within the last two years. Both partners should receive each other’s forms and then fill out form FL-141. Each person has to prepare at least two copies of it. Then, the documents and the copies go to court.
6. Create the Marital Settlement Agreement
We have already explained the content of this agreement and the need to create it. Spouses should mutually discuss the conditions related to child care, properties, and future support and add all provisions to the form.
After making the agreement, both parties must sign it. Notarization is mandatory.
7. Fill Out Other Templates
There are more templates to fill out. Among them are FL-130, FL-170, FL-180, FL-190, and FL-144. Define which templates are suitable for your case and fill them out. When all forms are ready, file them in court.
In case partners seek a judgment in court for any matters concerning their children, spouse support, or properties, they should contact the clerk to see which additional forms to fill out. The list consists of more than ten templates (FL-341, FL-191, FL-195, and others); you might need to complete all of them.
8. Wait for the Judgement
Finally, after creating and signing all the required papers, send them to the judge and wait for their decision.
Sometimes one of the partners needs to change their name. This is a different procedure that is completed after the divorce.