As a business owner, you understand the importance of having a formal agreement in place for your company. A Maryland Operating Agreement Form can help to ensure that your business is run in a professional and organized manner. This document can provide guidelines and structure for your company's operations, and can help to prevent disputes between owners. By creating a Maryland Operating Agreement, you can protect both your business and your personal assets. You may also find it helpful to have an attorney review the form to ensure that it meets all legal requirements.
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A MARYLAND LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
THIS OPERATING AGREEMENT ("Agreement") is entered into the ____ day of __________,
20___, by and between the following persons:
hereinafter, ("Members" or “Parties”).
FOR VALUABLE CONSIDERATION, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, the Parties covenant, contract and agree as follows:
FORMATION OF LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
1.Formation of LLC. The Parties have formed a Maryland limited liability company named ___________________________________________________ ("LLC"). The operation of the LLC shall be governed by the terms of this Agreement and the applicable laws of the State of Maryland relating to the formation, operation and taxation of a LLC, including the Maryland Limited Liability Company Act hereinafter referred to as the "Act". To the extent permitted by the Act, the terms and provisions of this Agreement shall control if there is a conflict between such Act and this Agreement. The Parties intend that the LLC shall be taxed as a partnership. Any provisions of this Agreement, if any, that may cause the LLC not to be taxed as a partnership shall be inoperative.
2.Articles or Organization. The Members acting through one of its Members,
_____________________________________, filed Articles of Organization, ("Articles") for record in the office of the with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation on
_________________________, thereby creating the LLC.
3.Purpose. The purpose of the LLC is to engage in any and all lawful business activity in the State of Maryland and elsewhere. The LLC's activities shall be conducted in compliance with the statutes, the rules and regulations applicable to its business pursuits.
4.Registered Office and Registered Agent. The registered office and place of business of the LLC shall be ___________________________________________________
______________________________________ and the registered agent at such office shall be
__________________________________________________________________. The Members may change the registered office and/or registered agent from time to time.
5.Duration. The LLC will commence business as of the date the Members contribute their capital investment in the LLC and will continue in perpetuity.
6.Fiscal Year. The LLC's fiscal and tax year shall end December 31.
7.Initial Members. The initial members of the LLC, their initial capital contributions, and their percentage interest in the LLC are:
New members may be admitted only upon the consent of a majority of the Members and upon compliance with the provisions of this agreement.
9. Management. The Members have elected to manage the LLC as follows:
The management of the LLC shall be vested in the Members without an appointed manager. The members shall elect officers who shall manage the company. The President and Secretary may act for and on behalf of the LLC and shall have the power and authority to bind the LLC in all transactions and business dealings of any kind except as otherwise provided in this Agreement.
The Members hereby delegate the management of the LLC to Manager(s), subject to the limitations set out in this agreement.
a) The Members shall elect and may remove the Manager(s) by majority vote.
b)A Manager shall serve until a successor is elected by the Members.
c)The Manager(s) shall have the authority to take all necessary and proper actions in order to conduct the business of the LLC.
d)Except for decisions concerning distributions, any Manager can take any appropriate action on behalf of the LLC, including, but not limited to signing checks, executing leases, and signing loan documents.
e)In determining the timing and total amount of distributions to the Members, the action of the Manager shall be based on a majority vote of the Managers, with or without a meeting.
f)The Compensation to the Manager(s) shall be in the discretion of the majority of the Members of the LLC.
g)There shall be _________ initial Managers.
h)The initial Managers is/are:
10.Officers and Relating Provisions. In the event the Members elect to manage the LLC, rather than appointing a manager, the Members shall appoint officers for the LLC and the following provisions shall apply:
(a)Officers. The officers of the LLC shall consist of a president, a treasurer and a secretary, or other officers or agents as may be elected and appointed by the Members. Members may hold more than one office. The officers shall act in the name of the LLC and shall supervise its operation under the direction and management of the Members, as further described below.
(b)Election and Term of Office. The officers of the LLC shall be elected annually by the Members by a majority vote. Vacancies may be filled or new offices created and filled at any meeting of the Members. Each officer shall hold office until his/her death, until he/she shall resign, or until he/she is removed from office. Election or appointment of an officer or agent shall not of itself create a contract right.
(c)Removal. Any officer or agent may be removed by a majority of the Members whenever they decide that the best interests of the Company would be served thereby. Such removal shall be without prejudice to the contract rights, if any, of the person so removed.
(d)Vacancies. A vacancy is any office because of death, resignation, removal, disqualification or otherwise may be filled by the Members for the unexpired portion of the term.
(e)President. The President shall be the chief executive officer of the LLC and shall preside at all meetings of the Members. The President shall have such other powers and perform such duties as are specified in this Agreement and as may from time to time be assigned by the Members of the LLC.
(f)The Treasurer. The Treasurer shall be the chief financial officer of the LLC. The Treasurer shall not be required to give a bond for the faithful discharge of his/her duties. The
Treasurer shall: (i) have charge and custody of and be responsible for all funds and securities of the LLC; (ii) in the absence of the President, preside at meetings of the Members; (iii) receive and give receipts for moneys due and payable to the LLC from any source whatsoever, and deposit all such moneys in the name of the LLC in such banks, trust companies or other depositaries as shall be selected by the Members of the LLC; and (iv) in general perform all the duties incident to the office of treasurer and such other duties as from time to time may be assigned by the President or by the Members of the LLC.
(g)Secretary. The secretary shall: (i) keep the minutes of the Members meetings in one or more books provided for that purpose; (ii) see that all notices are duly given in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement or as required by law; (iii) be custodian of LLC records; (iv) keep a register of the post office address of each Member; (v) certify the Member’s resolutions; and other documents to the LLC as true and correct; (vi) in the absence of the President and Treasurer, preside at meetings of the Members and (vii) in general perform all duties incident to the office of secretary and such other duties as from time as may be assigned by the President or the Members.
11.Member Only Powers. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, only a majority of the Members may: (a) sell or encumber (but not lease) any real estate owned by the LLC, or (b) incur debt, expend funds, or otherwise obligate the LLC if the debt, expenditure, or other obligation exceeds $_____________________.
CONTRIBUTIONS, PROFITS, LOSSES, AND DISTRIBUTIONS
12.Interest of Members. Each Member shall own a percentage interest (sometimes referred to as a share) in the LLC. The Member’s percentage interest shall be based on the amount of cash or other property that the Member has contributed to the LLC and that percentage interest shall control the Member’s share of the profits, losses, and distributions of the LLC.
13.Contributions. The initial contributions and initial percentage interest of the Members are as set out in this Agreement.
14.Additional Contributions. Only a majority of the Members of the LLC may call on the Members to make additional cash contributions as may be necessary to carry on the LLC's business. The amount of any additional cash contribution shall be based on the Member's then existing percentage interest. To the extent a Member is unable to meet a cash call, the other Members can contribute the unmet call on a pro rata basis based on the Members' percentage interests at that time, and the percentage interest of each Member will be adjusted accordingly.
15.Record of Contributions/Percentage Interests. This Agreement, any amendment(s) to this Agreement, and all Resolutions of the Members of the LLC shall constitute the record of the Members of the LLC and of their respective interest therein.
16.Profits and Losses. The profits and losses and all other tax attributes of the LLC shall be allocated among the Members on the basis of the Members' percentage interests in the LLC.
17.Distributions. Distributions of cash or other assets of the LLC (other than in dissolution of the LLC) shall be made in the total amounts and at the times as determined by a majority of the Members. Any such distributions shall be allocated among the Members on the basis of the Members' percentage interests in the LLC.
18.Change in Interests. If during any year there is a change in a Member's percentage interest, the Member's share of profits and losses and distributions in that year shall be determined under a method which takes into account the varying interests during the year.
VOTING; CONSENT TO ACTION
19.Voting by Members. Members shall be entitled to vote on all matters which provide for a vote of the Members in accordance with each Member’s percentage interest.
20.Majority Required. Except as otherwise required, a majority of the Members, based upon their percentage ownership, is required for any action.
21.Meetings - Written Consent. Action of the Members may be accomplished with or without a meeting. If a meeting is held, evidence of the action shall be by Minutes or Resolution reflecting the action of the Meeting, signed by a majority of the Members. Action without a meeting may be evidenced by a written consent signed by a majority of the Members.
22.Meetings. Meetings of the Members may be called by any Member owning 10% or more of the LLC, or, if Managers were selected, by any Manager of the LLC.
23.Majority Defined. As used throughout this agreement the term “Majority” of the Members shall mean a majority of the ownership interest of the LLC as determined by the records of the LLC on the date of the action.
DUTIES AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY MEMBERS, OFFICERS AND PERSONS SERVING ON ADVISORY COMMITTEES; INDEMNIFICATION
24.Duties of Members: Limitation of Liability. The Members, Managers and officers shall perform their duties in good faith, in a manner they reasonably believe to be in the best interests of the LLC, and with such care as an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would use under similar circumstances. No Member or officer shall have any liability to the LLC or any other Member by reason of being or having been a Member or officer. No Member or officer shall be liable to the LLC or to any other Member or officer for any loss or damage sustained by the LLC or any other Member or officer unless the loss or damage shall have been
the result of fraud, deceit, gross negligence, willful misconduct, or a wrongful taking by that Member or officer.
25.Members Have No Exclusive Duty to LLC. The Members shall not be required to participate in the LLC as their sole and exclusive business. Members may have other business interests and may participate in other investments or activities in addition to those relating to the LLC. Neither the LLC nor any other Member shall have any right, by virtue of this Agreement, to share or participate in another member’s business interests, investments or activities or the income or proceeds derived therefrom. No Member shall incur liability to the LLC or to any other Member by reason of participating in any such other business, investment or activity.
26.Protection of Members and Officers.
(a)As used herein, the term “Protected Party” refers to the Members and officers of the Company.
(b)To the extent that, at law or in equity, a Protected Party has duties (including fiduciary duties) and liabilities relating thereto to the LLC or to any other Protected Party, a Protected Party acting under this Agreement shall not be liable to the LLC or to any other Protected Party for good faith reliance on:
(i)the provisions of this Agreement;
(ii)the records of the LLC; and/or
(iii)such information, opinions, reports or statements presented to the LLC by any person as to matters the Protected Party reasonably believes are within such other person’s professional or expert competence and who has been selected with reasonable care by or on behalf of the LLC, including information, opinions, reports or statements as to the value and amount of the assets, liabilities, profits or losses of the LLC or any other fact pertinent to the existence and amount of assets from which distributions to Members might properly be paid.
(c)The provisions of this Agreement, to the extent that they restrict the duties and liabilities of a Protected Party to the LLC or to any other Protected Party otherwise existing at law or in equity, are agreed by the parties hereto to replace such other duties and liabilities of such Protected Party.
(d)Whenever this Agreement permits or requires a Protected Party to make a decision in its “discretion” or under a grant of similar authority or latitude, the Protected Party shall be entitled to consider only such interests and factors as it desires, including its own interests, and shall have no duty or obligation to give any consideration to any interest of or factors affecting the LLC or any other Person.
(e)Whenever this Agreement permits or requires a Protected Party to make a decision using a “good faith” or under another express standard, the Protected Party shall act under such express standard and shall not be subject to any other or different standard imposed by this Agreement or other applicable law.
27.Indemnification and Insurance.
(a)Right to Indemnification.
(i)Any person who is or was a member or officer of the LLC and who is or may be a party to any civil action because of his/her participation in or with the LLC, and who acted in good faith and in a manner which he/she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of the LLC, shall be indemnified and held harmless by the LLC.
(ii)Any person who is or was a member or officer of the LLC and who is or may be a party to any criminal action because of his/her participation in or with the LLC, and who acted in good faith and had reasonable cause to believe that the act or omission was lawful, shall be indemnified and held harmless by the LLC.
(b)Advancement of Expenses. Expenses (including attorney’s fees) incurred by an indemnified person in defending any proceeding shall be paid in advance of the proceeding’s final disposition. Should the indemnified member or officer ultimately be determined to not be entitled to indemnification, that member or officer agrees to immediately repay to LLC all funds expended by the LLC on behalf of the member or officer.
(d)Insurance. The Members may cause the LLC to purchase and maintain insurance for the LLC, for its Members and officers, and/or on behalf of any third party or parties whom the members might determine should be entitled to such insurance coverage.
(e)Effect of Amendment. No amendment, repeal or modification of this Article shall adversely affect any rights hereunder with respect to any action or omission occurring prior to the date when such amendment, repeal or modification became effective.
28.Duties of Persons Serving on Advisory Committees; Limitation of Liability; Indemnification. The Members shall have the right to form advisory committees. Persons serving on an advisory committee, whether or not a Member or officer, shall perform their duties in good faith, in a manner they reasonably believe to be in the best interests of the LLC, and with such care as an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would use under similar circumstances. A person serving on an advisory committee shall not have any liability to the LLC or to any Member or officer for any loss or damage sustained by the LLC or any Member or officer unless the loss or damage was the result of fraud, deceit, gross negligence, willful misconduct, or a wrongful taking by such person.
MEMBERS INTEREST TERMINATED
29.Termination of Membership. A Member’s interest in the LLC shall cease upon the occurrence of one or more of the following events:
(a)A Member provided notice of withdrawal to the LLC thirty (30) days in advance of the withdrawal date. Withdrawal by a Member is not a breach of this Agreement.
(b)A Member assigns all of his/her interest to a third party.
(c)A Member dies.
(d)There is an entry of an order by a court of competent jurisdiction adjudicating the Member incompetent to manage his/her person or his/her estate.
(e)In the case of an estate that is a Member, the distribution by the fiduciary of the estate's entire interest in the LLC.
(f)A Member, without the consent of a majority of the Members: (1) makes an assignment for the benefit of creditors; (2) files a voluntary petition in bankruptcy; (3) is adjudicated a bankrupt or insolvent; (4) files a petition or answer seeking for himself any reorganization, arrangement, composition, readjustment, liquidation, dissolution, or similar relief under any statute, law or regulation; (5) files an answer or other pleading admitting or failing to contest the material allegations of a petition filed against him in any proceeding of the nature described in this paragraph; (6) seeks, consents to, or acquiesces in the appointment of a trustee, receiver, or liquidator of the Member or of all or any substantial part of his properties; or (7) if any creditor permitted by law to do so should commence foreclosure or take any other action to seize or sell any Member's interest in the LLC.
(g)If within one hundred twenty (120) days after the commencement of any action against a Member seeking reorganization, arrangement, composition, readjustment, liquidation, dissolution, or similar relief under any statute, law, or regulation, the action has not been dismissed and/or has not been consented to by a majority of the members.
(h)If within ninety (90) days after the appointment, without a member’s consent or acquiescence, of a trustee, receiver, or liquidator of the Member or of all or any substantial part of the member’s properties, said appointment is not vacated or within ninety (90) days after the expiration of any stay, the appointment is not vacated and/or has not been consented to by a majority of the members.
(i)Any of the events provided in applicable code provisions that are not inconsistent with the dissociation events identified above.
30.Effect of Dissociation. Any dissociated Member shall not be entitled to receive the fair value of his LLC interest solely by virtue of his dissociation. A dissociated Member that still owns an interest in the LLC shall be entitled to continue to receive such profits and losses, to receive such distribution or distributions, and to receive such allocations of income, gain, loss, deduction, credit or similar items to which he would have been entitled if still a Member. For all other purposes, a dissociated Member shall no longer be considered a Member and shall have no rights of a Member.
RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFERABILITY OF LLC INTEREST;
SET PRICE FOR LLC INTEREST
31.LLC Interest. The LLC interest is personal property. A Member has no interest in property owned by the LLC.
32.Encumbrance. A Member can encumber his LLC interest by a security interest or other form of collateral only with the consent of a majority of the other Members. Such consent shall only be given if the proceeds of the encumbrance are contributed to the LLC to respond to a cash call of the LLC.
33.Sale of Interest. A Member can sell his LLC interest only as follows:
(a)If a Member desires to sell his/her interest, in whole or in part, he/she shall give written notice to the LLC of his desire to sell all or part of his/her interest and must first offer the interest to the LLC. The LLC shall have the option to buy the offered interest at the then existing Set Price as provided in this Agreement. The LLC shall have thirty (30) days from the receipt of the assigning Member's notice to give the assigning Member written notice of its intention to buy all, some, or none of the offered interest. The decision to buy shall be made by a majority of the other Members. Closing on the sale shall occur within sixty (60) days from the date that the LLC gives written notice of its intention to buy. The purchase price shall be paid in cash at closing unless the total purchase price is in excess of $_______________ in which event the purchase price shall be paid in twelve (12) equal quarterly installments beginning with the date of closing. The installment amounts shall be computed by applying the following interest factor to the principal amount: interest compounded quarterly at the Quarterly Federal
(b)To the extent the LLC does not buy the offered interest of a Member, the other Members shall have the option to buy the offered interest at the Set Price on a
pro rata basis based on the Members' percentage interests at that time. If Member does not desire to buy up to his/her proportional part, the other Members can buy the remaining interest on the same pro rata basis. Members shall have fifteen (15) days from the date the LLC gives its written notice to the selling Member to give the selling Member notice in writing of their intention to buy all, some, or none of the offered interest. Closing on the sales shall occur within sixty (60) days from the date that the Members give written notice of their intention to buy. The purchase price from each purchasing Member shall be paid in cash at closing.
(c)To the extent the LLC or the Members do not buy the offered interest, the selling Member can then assign the interest to a
34.Set Price. The Set Price for purposes of this Agreement shall be the price fixed by consent of a majority of the Members. The Set Price shall be memorialized and made a part of the LLC records. The initial Set Price for each Member's interest is the amount of the Member's contribution(s) to the LLC as provided above, as updated in accordance with the terms hereof. Any future changes in the Set Price by the Members shall be based upon net equity in the assets of the LLC (fair market value of the assets less outstanding indebtedness), considering the most recent appraisal obtained by the LLC for its assets, as may be adjusted by the Members in their discretion. The initial Set Price shall be adjusted no later than ________________. This basis for determining the Set Price shall remain in effect until changed by consent of a majority of the Members. The Members will consider revising the basis for determining the Set Price at least annually.
35.When a member dies or becomes disqualified, that member's interest may be transferred as set out above. If there is no such transfer, then the limited liability company SHALL purchase or redeem that interest.
OBLIGATION TO SELL ON A DISSOCIATION
EVENT CONCERNING A MEMBER