In Ohio, there are many documents regulating lease relations, and if most of them establish the beginning of these relations, then the eviction notice manages its end. The eviction notice template is the legal paper created mostly to represent the owner’s interests and not the interests of the resident.
The notice represents the will of the owner to terminate the rental relations with the resident. There are many reasons why the owner might take this decision. He might not like the fact you’ve hidden the presence of a pet, or maybe you delayed your payment. Sometimes there might be no reason at all. It is also possible in Ohio.
Receiving the eviction notice, the resident has some time either to eliminate the lease violation or move out of the apartment.
In Ohio, the eviction laws are very explicit; thus, lease papers have to meet the Ohio state laws, or they won’t have validity. And that will give the renter the right to stay in residence as long as he wants. In a situation like this, state laws of Ohio will choose the side of the renter because they require the owner to respect the resident’s interests till the lease agreement termination.
Documents specifying the eviction details process in Ohio:
These legal rental papers establish the period of time for the renter after getting the eviction notice during which he or she can comply. The owner has to wait till it happens, or till it doesn’t happen. Only after this period, the landlord can sue the lessee in court.
Suppose the landlord doesn’t wait till receiving the court order and begins to change the locks or disconnect the utilities. In that case, the tenant has the full right to sue against a landowner in the court, as the landlord’s actions will be considered illegal.
It is also prohibited to evict the renter due to his or her gender, disability, age, the color of their skin, religious preferences, family status, or race. Ohio state laws also forbid the owner to remove the renter out of the apartment if the renter contacts the housing authorities and informs them about the unfit conditions of living.
Eviction notices in Ohio act like legal confirmation of the fact the owner of the apartments notified the renter about the lease termination. Without this evidence, the owner can not sue the renter in court.
There are four types of eviction notices used in Ohio.
30-Day Notice to Terminate a Month-to-Month Tenancy
Both the owner and renter might use this notice to protect their interests. That’s why it can’t be called a real eviction notice because there’s no violation of the lease on its basis. It’s just the letter informing the party of the agreement about the termination of the lease within 30 days.
30-Day Notice to Quit for a Health or Safety Hazard
Details of this notice are covered by § 5321.11 of the Ohio Revised Code.
It states that if there’s a danger for the safety or health of the owner of the apartment, he might ask the renter to move out of the apartment due to these circumstances. The renter still has 30 days to eliminate the issue, or he leaves the apartment. If after 30 days the situation hasn’t changed, the owner may sue the renter in court, and a 3-Day Notice for non-compliance must be issued.
3-Day Notice to Quit for Non-Compliance
By sending this notice, the owner shows the renter that he somehow breached the lease agreement and has only three days to clean up the mess. If not, the tenant is obliged to move out of the apartment. It’s essential to describe the violation with as many details as possible.
3-Day Notice to Quit for Non-Payment of Rent
As it’s clear from the name, this notice is given in the situation of the late payment or non-payment of the rent. The notice must cover the amount of money the renter has to pay, the time given for that, and the instructions on how to do it. The renter has three days to complete the payment; alternatively, he has no choice but to move out of the apartment.
There is a special eviction procedure created by the state of Ohio for those who want to terminate the lease agreement due to some serious reasons or for no reason at all. Remember that all your actions must meet the requirements of Ohio; alternatively, they won’t have validity.
Here’s the guide on the eviction process, following which both the renter and the owner will know how to complete the procedure in accordance with the Ohio state laws.
Create the Notice Form
Choose the notice which suits your interests the most and complete it on your own, or use our form-building software to speed up the process.
If you do it yourself, make sure you include all necessary information as it has to be a legal information letter for the renter explaining why he or she receives this notice.
What to include in the notice:
Bring the Notice to the Renter
It’s better to do it personally, but you can also use confirmed mail for this.
File a Complaint in Court
The owner needs to file a complaint in the municipal court and settle fees of $123.
Fill In the Summons Form
The Summons Form states the fact of the lawsuit being issued.
Wait for the Court Hearing
The hearing is usually arranged within 30 days after the renter receives the summons. It can’t be done less than seven days after the summons arrived at the holder.
If the holder wants to protect himself in the court, he has to come there. Otherwise, the judge will choose the side of the owner.
In the case the judge chooses the owner’s side, he issues the Writ of Execution, meaning the renter must leave the apartment immediately.
As it was already mentioned, there are special forms the court requires to be filled in while applying for the eviction process.
It’s the main eviction document without which the eviction process can’t be completed lawfully.
The Complaint Form contains accusations of the owner on the renter’s behavior in relation to the owner’s property. All possible details must be given.
In this form, the owner states the fact of issuing the lawsuit against the renter.
The last owner’s warning to the renter is saying he has to leave the owner’s property as soon as possible if he doesn’t want to have problems with the law.